Primary Reasons For Ear Buzz
Tinnitus is a sound in the ear or head with no external source. For many people, it is a ringing sound, while for others, it is roaring, humming, hissing, chirping, whistling, shrieking, or buzzing in the ears. The sound ranges from low to high pitch and can be a multi-tonal, single tone, or noise-like, having no tonal quality. Tinnitus may also be intermittent, pulsing or constant. It may occur suddenly or progress gradually. According to the Harvard Medical School, as many as 50 to 60 million people in the U.S. suffer from this condition; it is especially common in people over 55 years old.
Although the main cause of tinnitus is unknown, it’s likely that there are several related factors. Tinnitus often has to do with an abnormality of the person’s auditory or neural system. In many people, tinnitus is caused by one of following conditions.
High Noise Volumes
The most common cause of tinnitus is being exposed to high noise volumes. Loud noises, such as those from firearms, chain saws and heavy equipment, are common causes of hearing loss. Listening to music using head phones may also cause hearing loss if played loudly for a long period at a very high volume. Tinnitus caused by short-term exposure to loud noises, such as attending a concert, often goes away; long-term exposure to a very loud sound can cause permanent damage to your hearing or neural system.
High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure can lead to many feelings of physical discomfort, including tinnitus.
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Periods of stress and excessive alcohol or caffeine intake can cause an increase in your blood pressure, which may lead to tinnitus.
Allergies and Sinus Infections
Both seasonal sinus infections and allergies can cause tinnitus. When a moderate allergy or infection is present, a thick layer of mucus typically develops within the inner ear, which causes the feeling of ear aches, pressure, and head congestion.
Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Disorder
TMJ disorder, a very common condition that affects the joint between your lower jaw and the base of your skull, is known to cause long-term tinnitus. A TMJ disorder isn’t usually a serious condition, but symptoms can greatly affect your auditory system. The exact connection between tinnitus and is yet to be discovered by the medical professionals.
Certain foods rich in salicylates, the ubiquitous agents found in many over-the-counter (OTC) medications and in some prescription drugs such as aspirin, have also been linked to tinnitus. These foods include chocolates, cheeses, grain alcohol, and wines.
Earwax protects your ear canals by trapping dirt and preventing the growth of bacteria. When too much earwax builds up, however, it becomes too hard to remove, causing irritation to your eardrum, which can lead to tinnitus.
Injury, Trauma, or Stress
Periods of traumatic experiences (such as the death of a family member), stress, and minor injuries can cause many negative changes within your body in a short period of time, including the chemical production of hypothalamus gland, which often causes short-term tinnitus.
Your overall health can affect the impact and severity of tinnitus, so it’s a good idea to reduce your stress level, take enough sleep, exercise regularly and have a balanced diet. You may also be able to reduce the effect of tinnitus by treating insomnia, anxiety, depression, and pain with psychotherapy or medications.
If you develop tinnitus, it is very important to see your doctor. He or she will take a medical history, administer a physical examination, and conduct a series of tests on you to try to find the main cause of the problem. Your doctor will also ask you to describe the noise you are hearing, including its pitch and sound quality. He or she will also review your medical history, your present and past exposure to loud noise, as well as any supplements or medications you are taking.